Interfaith Calendar Definition of Terms
•o Christian time of preparation for observing the birth of Jesus Christ. Advent begins on the Sunday nearest November 30 and is the beginning of the Christian worship year. Advent is observed with the lighting of advent candles, display of wreaths, and special ceremonies. Advent also anticipates the coming again to earth of Jesus Christ. The season continues through December 24..
•o Islamic remembrance of the migration of Muhammad and followers to Medina in 622 c.e. and establishment of first Islamic state. No specific religious rituals are observed. Beginning of Islamic calendar year.
•· All Hallow's Eve
•o Christian celebration of mystery combining prayers and merriment involving children and families. It is a prelude to All Saint's Day.
•· All Saints Day
•o Christian day for honoring saints, known and unknown. In general, saints are persons with reputation for unusual lives of holiness and devotion to God or who were martyred for their faith. A Holy Day of Obligation in the Roman Catholic Church where saints have special formal status.
•· All Souls Day
•o Christian day of prayers of remembrance and intercession for the dead. Prayers of the faithful are seen as helping to cleanse the souls for the vision of God in heaven.
•· Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
•o Christian celebration of Gabriel announcing to the Virgin Mary the coming birth of Jesus as the Incarnation of Creator God.
•· Asala ( Turning of the Wheel of Teaching)
•o Buddhist observance of the day when Gautama Buddha made his first public proclamation to five ascetics. He taught the middle way, the noble eight-fold path and the four noble truths.
•· Ascension of Abdu'l-Baha
•o Baha'i celebration of the rising of the spirit of Abdu'l-Baha to the heavenly dwelling.
•· Ascension of Baha'u'llah
•o Baha'i recollection of the death of Baha'u'llah, the founder. Observed by prayers and readings. Work is suspended.
•· Ascension of Jesus
•o Christian recognition of the departure of Jesus from earth after the resurrection. It is perhaps the earliest observed celebration in Christianity. It is observed with worship including prayers and music.
•· Ash Wednesday
•o Christian observance to begin the 40 day season of Lent. Ashes are marked on worshippers as a sign of penitence.
•· Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
•o Roman Catholic Christian observance commemorating the belief that the Blessed Virgin Mary was assumed body and soul into heaven at the end of her earthly life.
•o An Islamic optional one day fast recognizing the Creation, Noah's departure from the ark, and the saving of Moses from Pharaoh. Prophet Muhammad's Grandson, Hussain, was martyred on this date in 683/684 AD.
•o Baha'i beginning of a series of special days (Intercalary Days) that balance out the calendar. It is observed by hospitality and acts of charity.
NOTE: Many sources are used for these definitions. They include books, web sites, individuals, and journal articles. Check other on line, print, or personal sources when in doubt. Regional and sectarian use of terms differ considerably.